Bogota Is Columbia’s capital as well as it’s heart, cradled in the laps of the Andes, with the city’s cultural center resting in La Candelaria, a historic cobbled downtown gravitating most visitors. It is a melting pot of people from all around the world and hence it obtains a multicultural and diverse outlook, the city is also famous for its spectacular Andean sunsets prancing off the walls of the bricked walls of the Bogota buildings.
It is considered the cultural and historic archive of the city and all the buildings have preserved the native Latin American style of architecture with beautifully carved balconies, vibrant colors, grilled windows and red roofs. It is also an important commercial and university center.
The most magical view of the city of Bogota can be seen from the top of the Montserrate. This is 3,130 meters above sea level and has a sanctuary for peregrination. There is a small church on the top where Jesus is seen not nailed to the cross but walking towards it, the sanctuary of Senor Caido of Monserrate.
Primatial Cathedral of Bogota
It is a Roman Catholic Cathedral located on the eastern side of Bolivar Square. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Columbia. The cathedral was built in 1807-1823 by Jesuit missionaries. It is the biggest cathedral in Columbia and one of the biggest in South America.
Gold Museum of Bogota
Built by Germain Samper Gnecco, following Modernist Architecture, has a stupefying collection of Pre-Hispanic gold work- the biggest collection in the world. It has a collection of 55000 pieces with only 6000 pieces on display comprising of pottery and sculptures, namely the Muisca raft and Calima culture.
It is regarded as the historic nucleus of Bogota, with a statue of Simon Bolivar sculpted by Italian sculptor, Pietro Tenerani, in 1846. The statue was the first ever public monument. It also has the Palace of Justice, the National Capitol, the seat of the national Congress, and Liévano Building.
It is a 50 story skyscraper standing at 196 meters, making it the tallest in Bogota and the fourth largest in Colombia. It was built between 1978 and 1979 and is the centre for large numbers of banks and houses the head office of Colpatria Bank.
Planetarium of Bogota
Located within Independence Park, the Planetarium of Bogota boasts of having an observatory with the largest cupola in South America. It was the initiative of Mayor Virgilio Barco Vargas, and was built in 1967 and was officially opened in 1969. It has a set of 9 museums, namely the Santa Fe Gallery and the Film district.
Bogota Botanical Garden
The Bogota botanical garden is Colombia’s most extensive botanical garden. It is both a recreational and research center with studies concentrating on the Colombian ecosystems. It was inaugurated in 1955 in memory of Jose Celestino Mutis. The garden features an artificial waterfall and is 19.5 acres of Andean vegetation. It also has a sun clock and an orchid collection.